Daily Bulletin for 12/30/2016

———————————————————— http://us7.campaign-archive1.com/?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b74b6248f6&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=13db54fe1f&e=0023a935ed ** Astronomers Await First Glimpse of Elusive Planet Nine ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 01:58 am Joe Palca (/authors/joe_palca) , NPR On the top of Hawaii’s Mauna Kea mountain Thursday, astronomers will point the large Subaru Telescope toward a patch of sky near the constellation of Orion, looking for an extremely faint object moving slowly through space.If they find what they’re looking for, it will be one of the most important astronomical discoveries in more than a century: a new planet in our solar system.Technically, a new planet hasn’t been discovered since Neptune was spotted in 1846. Pluto, discovered in 1930, was demoted to “dwarf planet" a decade ago. If a new planet is found, it will be the new Planet Nine. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=51a3c81593&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=0b0fb93b1b&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=9e53d0079f&e=0023a935ed. ** Massive Mile-Long Photo Maps Three Billion Stars ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 01:42 am Dennis Overbye (/authors/dennis_overbye) , NY Times On the summit of Haleakala, a dormant volcano on the island of Maui in Hawaii, a telescope began clicking pictures of the night sky in 2010. Over the next four years, Pan-Starrs, short for Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System, photographed the entire sky, as seen from Hawaii, 12 times in five colors of visible and infrared light.In December, the astronomers who operate Pan-Starrs released the first results from their survey. Their big data universe lists the positions, colors and brightness of three billion stars, galaxies and other objects. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5a79437001&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=16d71a4643&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=a52b7c4928&e=0023a935ed. ** The Four Biggest Mistakes of Einstein’s Scientific Life ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 12:51 am Ethan Siegel (/authors/ethan_siegel) , SWaB! In science, as in life, you usually get things wrong over and over again before you get it right. That’s particularly true whenever you’re trying something new; no one is born an expert at anything. We have to accumulate a strong foundation — a toolkit for problem-solving, if you will — before we’re actually capable of solving something novel or difficult. Yet no matter how good we get at something, we all have limits to how successful we’ll ever be at it. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=a69bf6e2fc&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=964ea7feea&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=4cec53e147&e=0023a935ed. ** The Government Should Not Provide Health Insurance ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 12:50 am Paul Hsieh (/authors/paul_hsieh) , Forbes Should the government provide health insurance for all Americans?According to health policy analyst James Capretta, the answer is yes. This would not be a surprise coming from someone on the political Left. But Capretta holds the Milton Friedman Chair at the conservative American Enterprise Institute.Like many conservatives, Capretta advocates the repeal of ObamaCare. But he proposes replacing it a variety of measures that build on current elements of ObamaCare, including grandfathering coverage provided by ObamaCare, maintaining much of the ObamaCare-driven expansion of Medicaid, and… Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=f7107f68f0&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=07426f7d30&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=bf8692b6e0&e=0023a935ed. ** Are Nitrogen Emissions Changing US Forests’ Composition? ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 01:39 am Nala Rogers (/authors/nala_rogers) , IS Fossil fuel emissions are transforming forests from the bottom up by releasing massive amounts of nitrogen into soil. This may be allowing certain tree species to outcompete others, resulting in a vast shift in the composition of American forests, according to new research presented earlier this month at a scientific meeting in California. These emissions may also be worsening climate change by accelerating carbon dioxide release from the soil. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=52fe657312&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=7887c54af1&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=a2641c96dc&e=0023a935ed. ** Obesity Changes Brain Chemistry, Retards Mouse Mobility ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 02:12 am Leah Samuel (/authors/leah_samuel) , Stat That New Year’s resolution to move more is one of the toughest to keep, and a group of scientists working with obese mice think they’re starting to understand why.Rather than our sedentary lives causing weight gain, says Alexxai Kravitz, the National Institutes of Health neuroscientist who led the study, changes in brain chemistry after we start gaining weight blunt our capacity to move.Obese mice can move just fine, says Kravitz, who published the work with his team on Thursday in Cell Metabolism. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b40218da04&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=4922026868&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=792dc52fb2&e=0023a935ed. ** Amazon Planning to Launch Fleet of Blimp Warehouses? ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 01:49 am Annalee Newitz (/authors/annalee_newitz) , Ars Tech Amazon has just gotten a patent for an “airborne fulfillment center utilizing unmanned aerial vehicles for item delivery." Though the patent was granted in April 2016, the plans for it have just gone public on the US Patent and Trade Office website. What they describe sounds like something out of a Philip K. Dick novel.Here’s how it works. First, get a very large airship and float it above a city. Then attach a giant warehouse full of Amazon items to the bottom (actually, you should probably attach this before the floating, but the patent is vague on this point). Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=75ac034c80&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=c5d30eae07&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=74769f4d9f&e=0023a935ed. ** Tick Bites Can Cause Red Meat and Shingles Vaccine Allergies ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 01:29 am Alex Berezow (/authors/alex_b_berezow) , ACSH Perhaps the strangest medical phenomenon discovered in recent years is a link between the lone star tick and an allergy to red meat.The bite of a lone star tick exposes a person to a small carbohydrate called alpha-gal. In a handful of people, this exposure elicits an abnormal immune response that produces a type of antibody called IgE, which causes allergies. Because red meat also contains alpha-gal, people who have been sensitized to the carbohydrate from a tick bite can develop life-threatening anaphylaxis if they consume pork or beef. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=05e31c4f87&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=94873848ed&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=0a40249d24&e=0023a935ed. ** Birds and Bird Carcasses Make Perfect Walrus Playthings ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 12:50 am Jason Bittel (/authors/jason_bittel) , Nat Geo What do you get the walrus that has everything?Don’t waste your money on Furbys and Tickle Me Elmos. According to a new study, what walruses really want to play with are bird carcasses.It may surprise you to learn that walruses are playful creaturesand you wouldn’t be alone. Compared with more jovial sea lions and seals, even scientists have long thought of the 1.5-ton walrus as the most humorless pinniped. But according to study co-author Andrey Giljov, a zoologist at St. Petersburg University, this prejudice may stem from the fact that walruses are poorly studied. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=9d6817aec1&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=3b1e4dab89&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b76240575a&e=0023a935ed. ** While SETI Is Listening, METI Wants to Shout ———————————————————— AM Update on Dec 30, 2016 01:52 am John Wenz (/authors/john_wenz) , Astronomy You’ve heard of SETI, the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. It involves tuning in for alien radio signals or light beacons. But a group called METI International (short for Messages to Extraterrestrial Intelligence) wants to take a more proactive role by beaming out messages from Earth.Douglas Vakoch, the former Director of Interstellar Message Composition at the SETI Institute, is launching the METI Initiative with one planet in mind: the recently discovered planet around Proxima Centauri, the closest star to Earth (and thus the closest exoplanet.) 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