Daily Bulletin for 01/28/2017

———————————————————— http://us7.campaign-archive1.com/?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=20cdaa664a&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=8b2d4637e5&e=0023a935ed ** How to Build a Probability Microscope ———————————————————— PM Update on Jan 27, 2017 02:10 pm David Steinsaltz (/authors/david_steinsaltz) , Nautilus If the rumors are true, 20th Century Fox will release a remake of the 1966 science-fiction film Fantastic Voyage in the next year or two. The conceit behind the film is that its protagonists are shrunk down and injected into the human body, through which they travel in a microscopic submarine. At that size, a swirl of blood turns into dangerous turbulence. White blood cells can engulf their ship. A droplet’s surface tension, formerly imperceptible, now forms an impenetrable barrier. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=929343eb6c&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=56438716e8&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=63268f9c99&e=0023a935ed ** Does Evolution Have a Direction? ———————————————————— PM Update on Jan 27, 2017 02:10 pm Michael Ruse (/authors/michael_ruse) , Big Questions Online For many years, I taught Plato’s Republic to first-year undergraduates. It was great fun, but one part of the book always puzzled them. We spent most of the semester with Plato building up his ideal society different kinds of people with various skills were educated accordingly and matched to the professions best suited to them. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=73c915f446&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=df6e15416c&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=d0036d9124&e=0023a935ed ** How Life Springs From Disorder ———————————————————— PM Update on Jan 27, 2017 02:10 pm Philip Ball (/authors/philip_ball) , Quanta Magazine What’s the difference between physics and biology? Take a golf ball and a cannonball and drop them off the Tower of Pisa. The laws of physics allow you to predict their trajectories pretty much as accurately as you could wish for.Now do the same experiment again, but replace the cannonball with a pigeon. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=57d22a4baf&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=e8b1201a18&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=324e6cbeb7&e=0023a935ed ** Physicists Doubt Report of Metallic Hydrogen ———————————————————— PM Update on Jan 27, 2017 02:10 pm Davide Castelvecchi (/authors/davide_castelvecchi) , Nature Two physicists say that they have crushed hydrogen under such immense pressures that the gas became a shiny metal a feat that physicists have been trying to accomplish for more than 80 years.But other researchers have serious doubts about the claim, the latest in a field with a long history of failed attempts. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=ae9f636aa8&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=233c5128b1&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=86bab470bd&e=0023a935ed. ** Gender Science and the End of “Testosterone Rex" ———————————————————— PM Update on Jan 27, 2017 02:10 pm Barbara King (/authors/barbara_king) , NPR Testosterone Rex is extinct.That’s the central conclusion of a fascinating new book by University of Melbourne psychologist Cordelia Fine. Testosterone Rex: Myths of Sex, Science, and Society hit the bookstores Tuesday."Testosterone Rex" is a nickname for the view that women and men are essentially different, owing very largely to biology. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=889deb6c13&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=fa60903742&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=282fe29908&e=0023a935ed. ** Scientific Explanations for Alien Abductions ———————————————————— PM Update on Jan 27, 2017 02:10 pm Dagnall (/authors/neil_dagnall) & Drinkwater (/authors/ken_drinkwater) , Conversation Accounts of mysterious flashing lights in the sky, spacecrafts and encounters with real aliens reflect high levels of public interest in UFOs and the belief that there is something out there. However, many psychologists are less convinced, and think they can provide more down-to-earth, scientific explanations. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=8ca04697a1&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=001d34d8cc&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5029c8cb13&e=0023a935ed. ** Fossils of Giant Pterosaurs Found in Transylvania ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 11:32 pm Bob Yirka (/authors/bob_yirka) , PhysOrg A pair of researchers in the U.K. has identified fossils found in the Transylvania area in Romania as those of a pterosaur they have named Hatzegopteryxa giant, muscle-bound flying reptile that could eat prey as large as a small horse. In their paper published in the journal Peer, Mark Witton with Portsmouth University and Darren Naish, with the University of Southampton describe the fossils and what they believe the creature looked like when it was alive. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=8d27fa0ce5&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=400164fddc&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=12e595df97&e=0023a935ed. ** Should There Be an Oath for Scientists? ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 10:58 pm Alison Hill (/authors/alison_hill) , PBS NOVA When it comes to scientific advances, 2016 was a pretty good year. Astrophysicists finally confirmed the existence of the elusive gravitational waves predicted by Einstein a century ago. A computer program managed to beat a world champion player at the complex board game Go. New vaccines against the AIDS and Zika viruses began clinical trials. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5f8e0340cd&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5251b66cdd&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=c73840bd5b&e=0023a935ed ** Are Phase I Clinical Trials Ethical? ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 10:58 pm Derek Lowe (/authors/derek_lowe) , Science It’s been a year since the clinical trial disaster in France that led to several participants being hospitalized with brain damage. Back in November, the New England Journal of Medicine had an article about the affair, summarizing what was known:The healthy volunteers described in this article p Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=c701114757&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=8a63af1ee7&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=739ee1afa0&e=0023a935ed ** Artificial Cells Communicate With Bacteria ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 10:58 pm Maarten Rikken (/authors/undefined) , ResearchGate To pass the classic Turing test, a computer must convince the tester that it’s human. In a new ACS Central Science study, Sheref S. Mansy and colleagues got artificial cells to communicate chemically with living bacterial cells. The artificial cells demonstrated that they heard the natural bacterial cells by glowing and responded by releasing chemical signals back to the bacteria. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=4f6adce8b8&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=7b33df4076&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=69d58a7423&e=0023a935ed. ** The Absurdities of Nutrition Epidemiology ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 10:58 pm Ronald Bailey (/authors/ronald_bailey) , Reason I just happened to come across two newspaper stories this week about the two new nutritional epidemiological studies purporting to find a health correlation between the consumption of two foods: hot peppers and grilled meats. The Washington Post story’s headline declared, “Barbecued and smoked meat tied to risk of death from breast cancer." The New York Times article was titled, “Eat Peppers, Live Longer?" Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=bccafd3c33&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=d7f7be577d&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b80f95170d&e=0023a935ed. ** Is the Outer Space Treaty Fit for the Modern Age? ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 10:58 pm Jill Stuart (/authors/jill_stuart) , The Conversation Space exploration is governed by a complex series of international treaties and agreements which have been in place for years. The first and probably most important of them celebrates its 50th anniversary on January 27 The Outer Space Treaty. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=ea91d228de&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=8bcbba1643&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=395f6721e2&e=0023a935ed. ** The Bees You Know Are Killing the Bees You Don’t ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 11:18 pm Nala Rogers (/authors/nala_rogers) , Inside Science (Inside Science) — Sam Droege slides a drawer from a tall white cabinet, releasing an odor of mothballs. Row after row of small bodies stand skewered on pins, fragile limbs frozen, furry backs as bright as sunflowers. They are all examples of Bombus affinis, most collected from meadows where this bumblebee species no longer flies. The surrounding drawers hold nearly 2,000 more. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=7af918145a&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=7b62eb1974&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=46132fd017&e=0023a935ed. ** Silencing EPA Will Make America Unhealthy Again ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 10:58 pm David Biello (/authors/david_biello) , PBS NewsHour In June 2003, a former lobbyist for the petroleum industry edited climate change out of a report on the environment from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Philip Cooney, who served as chief of staff of George W. Bush’s Council on Environmental Quality after serving as a lawyer for the American Petroleum Institute, removed items such as a temperature record for the last 1,000 years showing global warming, mention of a report from the National Academy of Sciences affirming the reality of climate change, and any mention that such changes have global consequences for human health. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=f52dec52cf&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=25fbfcca0a&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=32fecd881c&e=0023a935ed. ** Finding Alien Life With a Simple Chemistry Test ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 10:58 pm Ian O’Neill (/authors/ian_oneill) , Seeker Wouldn’t it be great if, when landing a robotic mission on another planet, the lander or rover could just scoop a sample, drop it into a chemical analyzer and get a “positive" or “negative" result for extraterrestrial life?Well, this chemistry test isn’t so far fetched and scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., are working on a method that is 10,000 times more sensitive than any other method currently employed by spacecraft. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=05be52b070&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=6137205422&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=1c71ac596d&e=0023a935ed. ** Meet the Robots of the Large Hadron Collider ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 28, 2017 10:58 pm Sarah Charley (/authors/sarah_charley) , Symmetry The Large Hadron Collider is the world’s most powerful particle accelerator. Buried in the bedrock beneath the Franco-Swiss border, it whips protons through its nearly 2000 magnets 11,000 times every second.As you might expect, the subterranean tunnel which houses the LHC is not always the friendliest place for human visitors. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=c596cce8ac&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=a138e19e1b&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=d7e22475f1&e=0023a935ed. ** Creation of Metallic Hydrogen May End 80-Year Quest ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 27, 2017 11:45 am Robert Service (/authors/robert_service) , SM Last October, Harvard University physicist Isaac Silvera invited a few colleagues to stop by his lab to glimpse something that may not exist anywhere else in the universe. Word got around, and the next morning there was a line. Throughout the day, hundreds filed in to peer through a benchtop microscope at a reddish silver dot trapped between two diamond tips. Silvera finally closed shop at 6 p.m. to go home. “It took weeks for the excitement to die down," Silvera says. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=30de16c15e&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=64c77cbc1f&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=56b11809c9&e=0023a935ed. ** The Whole Foods Paradox ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 27, 2017 11:02 pm Alex B. Berezow (/authors/alex_b_berezow) , ACSH Whole Foods lies to you. The company’s entire business model — which is predicated upon the idea that organic, non-GMO food is somehow healthier and tastier than regular food — is a gigantic “alternative fact." And it’s a profitable one at that, since organic food commands a high premium over conventional food.That’s what makes the latest news about Whole Foods so infuriating. Food Safety News reports that the company has shut down all three of its regional kitchens because the FDA “discovered a long list of ‘serious violations,'" some of which resulted in surfaces being contaminated… Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=605c1e35a1&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=bb4651d02d&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=fbb08d5cb0&e=0023a935ed ** What If States Were Shaped by Economics? ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 27, 2017 11:02 pm Ross Pomeroy (/authors/ross_pomeroy) , RealClearScience How did each of the United States get its shape? The answers are as varied and diverse as the states themselves! Oftentimes, geographical barriers like mountains, rivers, or dense forests decided borders, but other times, politics came into play. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=54597661e3&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=e106342964&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b7b09c20b5&e=0023a935ed ** AI Skin Cancer Diagnosis Accuracy Challenges Doctors ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 27, 2017 11:10 pm Angus Bezzina (/authors/angus_bezzina) , CM Harmless mole or potential melanoma? A new computer algorithm can make that diagnosis from photos as accurately accredited dermatologists.The system, developed by Andre Esteva from Stanford University in the US and his colleagues and published in Nature, has the potential to support, simplify and extend the reach of skin disease diagnostics beyond the confines of hospitals and medical clinics.This is particularly important for more lethal forms of skin cancer such as melanoma, in which early detection is critical to survival rate. The estimated five-year survival rate for melanoma patients… Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=9c82d5a9ad&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=3051225ed0&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=2af21ff029&e=0023a935ed. ** Russian Rocket Makers Caught Cutting Corners ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 27, 2017 11:02 pm Eric Berger (/authors/eric_berger) , Ars Technica In recent years, the Russian space program has had a series of problems with its flagship rockets, the heavy-lift Proton booster and the smaller Soyuz rocket used to launch crews and cargo to the International Space Station. The Proton rocket has been grounded since last summer, and the Soyuz has not flown since December, when its third stage engine failed and a Progress cargo spacecraft was lost.Most of these problems have been traced to engines that power the second and third stages of the Proton and Soyuz rockets. The majority of these engines are built at the Voronezh Manufacturing… Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=60702fa669&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=524f9083a0&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=61c88525b7&e=0023a935ed. ** Audit of FDA Reveals 1300 Uninspected Drug Plants ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 27, 2017 11:02 pm J. Tremblay (/authors/undefined) , C&EN In a recent audit of FDA, the Government Accountability Office found that the agency has yet to inspect nearly 1,300 drug manufacturing facilities, mostly based abroad, that are supplying the U.S.China, the world’s largest manufacturer of active pharmaceutical ingredients, is also the country with the largest number of drug plants that FDA never visited, the audit reports. According to GAO, 243 of the 535 pharmaceutical facilities in China that export to the U.S. (45%) have yet to be inspected. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=aabcfce3e4&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=2ee0adb2f8&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b8a79c15f3&e=0023a935ed. ** Purple Pulsar Mystery Intrigues Astronomers ———————————————————— AM Update on Jan 27, 2017 11:02 pm Daily Galaxy NASA has observed a purple blob -a highly magnetized rotating pulsar- spinning through the Milky Way. The image was captured by the Chandra X-ray Observatory, a gliding telescope in Earth’s orbit tasked with observing high emitting objects like this pulsar in the universe’s hottest regions. The shape of their X-ray emission suggests there is a geometrical explanation for puzzling differences in behavior shown by some pulsars. Earth’s atmosphere absorbs X-ray light, so Chandra must orbit 86,500 miles above the planet to capture these signals in space. This purple pulsar, named B0355+54, is a… Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=3470459695&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=1a37d1a922&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=0ef0874380&e=0023a935ed. ============================================================ ** follow on Twitter (Twitter Account not yet Authorized) | ** friend on Facebook (#) | ** forward to a friend (http://us7.forward-to-friend.com/forward?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=20cdaa664a&e=0023a935ed) Copyright © 2017 RealClearHoldings, All rights reserved. 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