Daily Bulletin for 02/27/2017

———————————————————— http://us7.campaign-archive2.com/?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=3873c98e87&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=2c1a4546f2&e=0023a935ed ** Five Topics That Are ‘Forbidden’ to Science ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 27, 2017 01:03 am Paul Ratner (/authors/paul_ratner) , Big Think The recent changes in Washington do not seem to bode well for fact-driven, scientific points of view on many issues. But there are already a number of sensitive areas of science where important research is stalling due to outside pressures or serious questions asked by the scientists themselves. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5763cb62f8&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=f5e3f7b76c&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=54a64bb894&e=0023a935ed. ** How to Fix the Orgasm Gap ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:38 am Ross Pomeroy (/authors/ross_pomeroy) , RealClearScience Significant inequalities pervade modern society, even in the bedroom. For example, women have far fewer orgasms than men.The divide is especially pronounced between heterosexual men and women. According to a new survey with 52,588 respondents published in the Archives of Sexual Behavior, 95 percent of straight men reported usually or always achieving orgasm when sexually intimate. Only 65 percent of straight women did. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=69e417c438&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=0b66e44567&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=28981552f7&e=0023a935ed ** NASA Spacecraft to Fly to Sun for First Time ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:39 am Laura Geggel (/authors/laura_geggel) , Live Science Humans have sent spacecraft to the moon, the red planet Mars and even distant interstellar space, but could we send a spaceship to the scorching sun?The answer is yes, and it’s happening soon. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=20b0f15f01&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=7dbac3d911&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=1170031bcc&e=0023a935ed. ** Morphing Planes Could Change Flight ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:38 am Charles Q. Choi (/authors/charles_q_choi) , PBS NOVA Since at least the myth of Icarus, wings seen in nature have inspired humanity’s dreams of flight. In the more than a century since the Wright brothers flew the first airplane, Flyer 1, people have begun making these fantasies a reality, flying high enough above the Earth to make it all the way to the moon. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=9a251d088e&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=418c76506a&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=eda1cff39f&e=0023a935ed ** In Quantum World, Identity Is a Hazy Concept ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:39 am Cathal O’Connell (/authors/cathal_oconnell) , Cosmos The colours emitted by an atom are a dead giveaway for its identity, but now American physicists have worked out how to make any atom impersonate any otherby hitting it with a specially crafted pulse of lightThe technique realises an aspect of the alchemist dream to make different elements or materials look alike, study author Andre Campos and colleagues from Princeton University describe in the journal Physical Review Letters, albeit for the duration of a control laser pulse. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=c7abd7fdbe&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=1f1a87cd30&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=6247a2e105&e=0023a935ed. ** Does Pluto Have the Ingredients for Life? ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:38 am Elizabeth Howell (/authors/elizabeth_howell) , Astrobiology Pluto has long been viewed as a distant, cold and mostly dead world, but the first spacecraft to pass by it last year revealed many surprises about this distant dwarf planet.Data from the New Horizons flyby finished downloading to Earth in October, and while it will take many years for scientists to complete their inventory and model the results, early studies offer intriguing hints of its complex chemistry, perhaps even some form of pre-biological processes below Pluto’s surface. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b06cbe6f7d&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=9fb417f60f&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=c60c5c6e19&e=0023a935ed. ** Why Scientists Shouldn’t Replicate Their Own Work ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:38 am Neuroskeptic (/authors/neuroskeptic) , Discover Last week, I wrote about a social psychology paper which was retracted after the data turned out to be fraudulent. The sole author on that paper, William Hart, blamed an unnamed graduate student for the misconduct. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=dc68881d94&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5737e97ef0&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=d1293a216a&e=0023a935ed. ** Would You Want a Genetically Engineered Dog? ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:38 am Vanessa Ramirez (/authors/undefined) , Singularity Dogs have more genetic diseases than any other species on the planet. David Ishee told me this early in our conversation. His claim makes sense: there’s no other animal that humans have purposefully bred with an emphasis on form over functionaesthetics over healthfor so long. Centuries of inbreeding have left many dog breeds with a Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=e40ee0e116&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=075fd23a5a&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=6ac82551e6&e=0023a935ed. ** Dark Matter Needs New Experiments ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:38 am Juan Collar (/authors/undefined) , Nautilus Three decades have passed since the first direct search for dark matter, a modest attempt at recycling the data from a particle detector originally built for another purpose. This work was a rapid response to a proposal by theoretical physicists Mark Goodman and Edward Witten, who called attention to the possibility of detecting dark matter via nuclear recoils. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b0f5b08a45&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b4edc9d8f5&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=f6d79bf1f8&e=0023a935ed ** Does Dark Energy Mean We’re Losing Information? ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 28, 2017 12:38 am Ethan Siegel (/authors/ethan_siegel) , Forbes Perhaps the biggest surprise of all about the Universe came at the very end of the 20th century: the discovery of dark energy and the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Rather than being pulled towards us gravitationally, the most distant galaxies in the Universe are speeding away from us at ever faster-and-faster speeds, destined to disappear from our view. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=0174af12ba&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=91dcf62fbf&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=1b761170a5&e=0023a935ed. ** The Real First American Revolution ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 26, 2017 11:46 am Eric Powell (/authors/undefined) , Archaeology An isolated volcanic outcropping, Black Mesa rises high above the floodplain of northern New Mexico’s Rio Grande Valley. The land it’s on belongs to the people of San Ildefonso Pueblo, whose ancestors have farmed near the base of the mesa since at least A.D. 1300. A natural fortress, Black Mesa was the scene of dramatic events in 1694, when Pueblo warriors encamped on its summit withstood a months-long Spanish siege. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=4abb23080a&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5912232a65&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=10c8a3e6cb&e=0023a935ed ** How the LHC Could Find Dark Matter ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 26, 2017 11:46 am Christopher Hill (/authors/undefined) & Antonio Boveia (/authors/undefined) , Nautilus While cosmologists may be fascinated by what dark matter does, particle physicists are fascinated by what dark matter is. For us, dark matter should benaturallya particle, albeit one that is still lurking hidden in our data. For the last few decades, we’ve had a tantalizing guess as to what this particle might benamely, the lightest of a new class of supersymmetric particles. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=6696d40e36&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=b64bdc9e78&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=a64ea04eb2&e=0023a935ed ** Why Did Danish Vikings Move to England? ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 26, 2017 11:46 am Lise Brix (/authors/lise_brix) , ScienceNordic Despite the dangers, between 20,000 and 35,000 Danish Vikings chose to uproot and migrate to England between the 9th and 10th century. So says a new study published in the archaeological journal Antiquity.Initially the trips were raiding expeditions, but later on, more and more Vikings decided to stay in the new land to the west, cultivate land, and proceeded to plough and to support themselves, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle of 876. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=cbb29c8042&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=1dcd5f84a6&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=534a45fb0c&e=0023a935ed ** Is Crime Genetic? Scientists Are Afraid to Ask ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 26, 2017 11:47 am Barnes (/authors/undefined) & Boutwell (/authors/brian_boutwell) , Quillette The U.S. has made unprecedented strides in the fight against crime. Both violent and non-violent crime are way down from their highs in decades past. This is great news, of course, but the success could easily lull us into a false sense of security, believing that we have the problem solved. Indeed, what if much of what we know about the causes of crime is either deeply flawed or flat out wrong? Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=da050cd5cb&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=34fe6f0f3f&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=3dbe3e9d02&e=0023a935ed. ** Why Millennials Are Lonely ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 26, 2017 11:47 am Caroline Beaton (/authors/undefined) , Psychology Today The General Social Survey found that the number of Americans with no close friends has tripled since 1985. Zero is the most common number of confidants, reported by almost a quarter of those surveyed. Likewise, the average number of people Americans feel they can talk to about “important matters" has fallen from three to two. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5bdd069c1f&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=5d7b019faf&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=54a28da104&e=0023a935ed ** A.I. Learns to Write Its Own Code ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 26, 2017 11:47 am Matt Reynolds (/authors/undefined) , NewScientist OUT of the way, human, I’ve got this covered. A machine learning system has gained the ability to write its own code.Created by researchers at Microsoft and the University of Cambridge, the system, called DeepCoder, solved basic challenges of the kind set by programming competitions. This kind of approach could make it much easier for people to build simple programs without knowing how to write code. Read in browser » (http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=377d25bd1c&e=0023a935ed) http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=808b3ca0b2&e=0023a935ed http://realclearscience.us7.list-manage.com/track/click?u=61572bb8acf7b8704903af7b8&id=a3d143faf1&e=0023a935ed ** Nobel Laureate Admits Flaws in Popular Book ———————————————————— AM Update on Feb 26, 2017 11:48 am Alison McCook (/authors/alison_mccook) , Retraction Watch Although it’s the right thing to do, it’s never easy to admit error particularly when you’re an extremely high-profile scientist whose work is being dissected publicly. So while it’s not a retraction, we thought this was worth noting: A Nobel Prize-winning researcher has admitted on a blog that he relied on weak studies in a chapter of his bestselling book. 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